10 DAYS // FEB 16 – 27, 2016


Egypt lies at the crux of Africa and the Middle East, and is bordered by Sudan in the South, Libya in the West, and Israel in the East. The southern area by Luxor and Aswan is known as “Upper Egypt”, as the Nile flows from here “down” through the capital city, Cairo, to the Mediterranean Sea near Alexandria.



The national language in Egypt is Arabic. However, tourists will rarely find a problem communicating as English is widely spoken in hotels and shops, with French a close second, and many staff in tourist areas also speaking German or Italian.


The best season is from October through May when the temperature is Cairo is comfortable in the daytime, and cool or even cold at night. Weather in upper Egypt, Luxor, Aswan and Abu Simbel is comfortably warm.


Bring comfortable walking shoes for sightseeing and walking on desert sand. Sneakers are needed and no open sandals as it is sandy. Sunglasses, as well as hats and scarves, are recommended as protection against the strong sun.

Modesty in clothing should be observed. Women should cover their arms when visiting mosques. No shorts in the cities and women should never wear sleeveless blouses or shorts at any time.


The currency of Egypt is the Egyptian Pound. Pound Sterling, US Dollars, Euro and other major currencies can be exchanged in Egypt. Exchange facilities are available at various bureau de changes and all major towns have ATMs. It is advisable to request bank notes in smaller denominations, as it can sometimes be hard to get change from large notes and smaller notes are handy for smaller purchases and gratuities.


Tips are not included in your bill and the normal rate for tipping is 10% of the total bill.


Most nationalities require a visa to enter Egypt as a tourist. Visas are easily attainable on arrival at Cairo airport for most nationalities for US$25 paid in cash. On arrival at Cairo airport, you buy your visa before proceeding to immigration. A single entry visa is valid for three months from date of issue and entitles the bearer to one month in Egypt. Passports must be valid for at least six months. All travelers to Jordan must have a visa. USA citizens can obtain a visa in Jordan on arrival as well.


No vaccinations are currently needed for visitors to Egypt. During your stay, it is preferable to drink only bottled water and to avoid eating from street stalls.

Take care from the sun, which can often feel cooler than it really is due to the cool coastal breezes and lack of humidity. Drink plenty of water when staying outside during the day.

Time Zone

Both Egypt and Jordan are 7 hours ahead of New York (EST).


220 volts, 50 cycles AC in Cairo. Wall plugs are the round two pronged European type.